During the Middle Ages, the war was of fundamental importance, both politically and socially. The knight enjoyed a privileged status in the feudal pyramid.
The aspiring knights were trained in simple exercises with a spear or even in combats with other apprentices. Once armed, the knights continued their training throughout their military life, so it became necessary to create the most realistic conditions possible to make the preparation efficient.
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The generalized conception is that in the Middle Ages the people did not take baths and they lived in a state of complete dirt, nevertheless, it seems that at least in part, this is a myth.
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A medieval year was marked by a large number of festivals, many of which were rooted in ancient traditions. All these events animated the months of the inhabitants of this time and they arose mainly with the change of the stations. In January, at the beginning of the year, twelve days were celebrated at Christmas.
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The crossbows were already known in ancient China but apparently invented again in Europe around 900. They had a good reach and were more powerful than most bows, although it took them much longer to load. A crossbowman could fire an average of two arrows per minute.
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The polearm is one of the oldest and most versatile of weapons throughout the ages. The modern definition of a polearm is a weapon with a blade or pointed tip attached to a long shalf. The prehistoric man likely was the first to use a long sharpened stick to slay his dinner or his neighbor.
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In the Middle Ages, especially from the 11th century, there is an intense urbanization, and many more cities are created than during Roman times. This process of urbanization has very important consequences for the West. Cities are places where people buy and sell. This is an incipient capitalist economy.
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The medieval period has left us a good number of manuscripts and grimoires, of formulas full of strange practices and of recipes that are as fantastic the one as the others; but also, and above all, a secular esoteric knowledge, which has been transmitted by occultists and magicians.
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Valentine’s Day is the ultimate celebration of love. The origin of this day of love is obscure; it is thought to be named after St. Valentine, a Roman priest, who lived during the time of the persecution of the early Christians. Valentine supposedly married young Christians when the government sought to prevent their marriage to stymie the growth of Christianity. All the information regarding the love-day is from stories. Regardless of how Valentine’s day came to be celebrated by lovers, romance has existed since the beginning of time.
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In the Middle Ages, the wine had the highest social prestige of all beverages and was also regarded as the healthiest choice when it comes to choosing between different drinks. According to Galen’s theory, it should be considered as a “hot and dry” fluid …
(hence the modern use of “dry wines” in describing the taste of wine that is not sweet).
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Beer passed from Egypt to Europe following the Crusades. The knights returned to their countries taking beer with them. From the 7th and 8th centuries, monastic communities began to make and consume beer.
At that time, the monks lived as the villagers but more isolated from the village. The water, unhealthy by the hygienic conditions of the moment, was a permanent transmitter of infections. Boiling it with cereals resulted in a healthier drink. As it was produced and consumed in the day to day, the beer hardly had alcohol, and it is estimated that the average town consumed about 6 liters of beer per person daily.
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