The most famous version of the Bowie Knife was designed by Colonel James “Jim” Bowie and was presented to blacksmith James Black in the form of a carved wooden model in December of 1830. Black produced the knife ordered by Bowie although its common use refers to any large sheath knife with a clip point.
This knife became famous as the knife used by Bowie at the Sandbar fight, which was the famous 1837 due between Bowie and several men. In this battle Bowie was stabbed and beaten half to death but managed to win the fight.
You can read more about this knife at Wikipedia.