The castle structure was well known in the Middle Ages, but its origin is older and has precedents in classical Greece. A mere wooden barrier was used as a defensive fence, but the evolution of weaponry and military techniques made this system useless; later on, the solidity of the stone constructions and the height of the walls was relied on.
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In the Europe of the Middle Ages, there was the paradox of universal tolerance on the one hand and conviction regarding prostitution on the other. Although technically a sin (because it revolves around the act of fornication), prostitution was recognized by the Church and other sectors as a ‘necessary evil’. It was accepted as the fact that young men sought sex regardless of their options, therefore prostitution served to protect respectable women from seduction and even rape. In 1358, the Great Council of Venice declared that prostitution is “absolutely indispensable for the world”. Even though it was accepted as a lesser evil, the Church did not hesitate to declare prostitution a “morally wrong practice”, even though St. Augustine proclaimed that “if prostitution of society is expelled, everything is disrupted by passions.”
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Hastings, Bouvines, Agincourt – the Middle Ages seem to be replete with renowned battles; in fact, for a long time, the medieval war has been studied almost exclusively through the shocks recorded at the time. However, it is relatively rare to find battles in the full sense of the word: what predominates are mainly campaigns and sieges, since this is the type of actions that define the war in this period. The fact is that the number of skirmishes, singular battles, and major military clashes far exceeds that of events such as Battles of Hastings and Agincourt in the medieval world.
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The fall of the Roman Empire meant that many of its hygienic practices were soon lost. During the Middle Ages, most people did not have access to safe drinking water, a regular bathroom or a sewage system. Hunger and disease were very common.
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The term ‘monk’ comes from the Latin ‘monachus’ and means ‘someone who lives alone’. The monk was a man who sought to live apart from the world, in order to pursue an ideal of holiness.
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The Black Death was a great epidemic that devastated almost the entire European continent between 1347 and 1351. Also called Bubonic Plague, by the characteristic ‘bubo’ which is nothing other than swollen lymph nodes. This pest belongs to rodents and is transferred from rat to rat through the fleas, and from these to humans through the bites.
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Living in the Middle Ages was not easy and losing one’s life as a young man was very common.
Before the vaccines, antibiotics or even the use of minimal hygiene measures, any disease that would be perfectly treatable today, like the most common infections, in the Middle Ages could be a death sentence. Even a superficial wound could kill you if it became infected, not a few those who lost members or the life product of the gangrene.
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During the Middle Ages, the war was of fundamental importance, both politically and socially. The knight enjoyed a privileged status in the feudal pyramid.
The aspiring knights were trained in simple exercises with a spear or even in combats with other apprentices. Once armed, the knights continued their training throughout their military life, so it became necessary to create the most realistic conditions possible to make the preparation efficient.
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The generalized conception is that in the Middle Ages the people did not take baths and they lived in a state of complete dirt, nevertheless, it seems that at least in part, this is a myth.
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A medieval year was marked by a large number of festivals, many of which were rooted in ancient traditions. All these events animated the months of the inhabitants of this time and they arose mainly with the change of the stations. In January, at the beginning of the year, twelve days were celebrated at Christmas.
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