In the Middle Ages, especially from the 11th century, there is an intense urbanization, and many more cities are created than during Roman times. This process of urbanization has very important consequences for the West. Cities are places where people buy and sell. This is an incipient capitalist economy.
Continue reading Medieval Universities
Valentine’s Day is the ultimate celebration of love. The origin of this day of love is obscure; it is thought to be named after St. Valentine, a Roman priest, who lived during the time of the persecution of the early Christians. Valentine supposedly married young Christians when the government sought to prevent their marriage to stymie the growth of Christianity. All the information regarding the love-day is from stories. Regardless of how Valentine’s day came to be celebrated by lovers, romance has existed since the beginning of time.
Continue reading Love in Medieval Times
In the Middle Ages, the wine had the highest social prestige of all beverages and was also regarded as the healthiest choice when it comes to choosing between different drinks. According to Galen’s theory, it should be considered as a “hot and dry” fluid …
(hence the modern use of “dry wines” in describing the taste of wine that is not sweet).
Continue reading Wine in the Middle Ages
Beer passed from Egypt to Europe following the Crusades. The knights returned to their countries taking beer with them. From the 7th and 8th centuries, monastic communities began to make and consume beer.
At that time, the monks lived as the villagers but more isolated from the village. The water, unhealthy by the hygienic conditions of the moment, was a permanent transmitter of infections. Boiling it with cereals resulted in a healthier drink. As it was produced and consumed in the day to day, the beer hardly had alcohol, and it is estimated that the average town consumed about 6 liters of beer per person daily.
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Since the tenth century, merchants and craftsmen have become very important. Particularly these as producers of new goods, increasingly needed for urban life and traders as distributors of such goods or merchandise. The flourishing of the great international trade, from the tenth century, both terrestrial and maritime, is a natural consequence of agricultural and livestock expansion.
Continue reading Trade in the Middle Ages and Medieval Merchants
Many pagan cultures played a very important role in Christmas celebrations from Medieval Europe until December 25, 2008. Their rituals may have been reworked and glossed to fit our present day interpretation of the holiday, but the fact remains that the Vikings, Romans, Anglo-Saxons and other ancient cultures played a very significant role in the Christian celebration.
Continue reading Medieval Christmas Traditions