How much did a medieval mace weigh?

medieval-maceThere were a variety of maces in the Middle Ages. They differed in shape of the head (Studded MaceFlanged Mace, Indian Shishpar), in metals used (wood, copper, bronze, iron), and in length (cavalry usually had longer maces) all of which would determine the final mace weight.

Most of its weight is concentrated at the end, which made this Medieval Weapon rather unbalanced and hard to master. But it was still popular weapon as it was cheap and easy to produce.

They were mainly used by the cavalry and knights as it was very effective against armored opponents (much more effective than bladed weapons like sword or dagger, as these could not make much harm on the Medieval Armor). A strong blow from a mace could penetrate even thick armor.

Various maces weighted differently, but usually they were around 1kg – 1.5kg. A two-handed sword like longsword could weigh even more than that, so Medieval Mace did not weigh that much when you think about it. During battle, they were used in one hand, but bigger and heavier two-handed maces were also available in the Medieval Times.


Flanged Mace


The use of maces in battle was quite common during the Middle Ages, as the weapon was quite inexpensive to produce. Many of the maces on display in museums today are highly decorated for this reason. Though a mace is just a type of club, the image of the spiked mace is what comes to mind for most people.

A deadly effective spiked mace is the flanged mace. The metal flanges, protruding edges of metal, allowed the wielder to pierce through even the thickest metal armor. In 12th century Kievan Russia the Pernach was developed. It featured six flanges and became popular across Europe for its ability to pierce plate armor and chainmail.