Ancient Rome Overview


One of the most storied and legendary civilizations in recorded history is that of ancient Rome. Although it was started as a monarchy, the political structure shifted to an oligarchic republic during its span. During a time when empires rarely lasted for than a few generations, the Roman Empire thrived for over a thousand years in various incarnations.

Although there is a myriad of facets that make up the complexion of the society, the military is one of the most important. While Ancient Roman swords and armor would obviously be rudimentary by today’s standards, they were in line with their contemporaries. Along with Ancient Greece—who had a considerable influence on Rome—the two make up what is now referred to as the “classical period.”



‘Caesar was stabbed with twenty-three dagger thrusts and uttered not a word, but only a groan at the first stroke, though some have related that when Marcus Brutus rushed at him, he said in Greek,”You, too, child?””  This is how Suetonius the author of “The Life of Caesar” describes his death.  Nero, the evilest of Roman Emperors stabbed himself in the throat with a dagger.

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Roman Swords and Armor

The legend prevails that Rome ascended with the fall of Troy.  Aeneas, the famed Trojan, escaped the destruction of Troy and made his way to Italy where he married a princess.  They bore two sons,  Romulus and Remus; the boys were left to die by the Tiber river.  A she-wolf saved them.
They decided to consecrate a city by the river where the miraculous she-wolf saved them.  They fought over the name of the city and Romulus son and thus began the powerful city-state of Rome.

Many historical events and persons of the ancient past are often shrouded in legend, and they make great stories.  Whatever the origins of Rome, it became one of the most powerful states that ever existed under the sun.

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