How much did a medieval mace weigh?

medieval-maceThere were a variety of maces in the Middle Ages. They differed in shape of the head (Studded MaceFlanged Mace, Indian Shishpar), in metals used (wood, copper, bronze, iron), and in length (cavalry usually had longer maces) all of which would determine the final mace weight.

Most of its weight is concentrated at the end, which made this Medieval Weapon rather unbalanced and hard to master. But it was still popular weapon as it was cheap and easy to produce.

They were mainly used by the cavalry and knights as it was very effective against armored opponents (much more effective than bladed weapons like sword or dagger, as these could not make much harm on the Medieval Armor). A strong blow from a mace could penetrate even thick armor.

Various maces weighted differently, but usually they were around 1kg – 1.5kg. A two-handed sword like longsword could weigh even more than that, so Medieval Mace did not weigh that much when you think about it. During battle, they were used in one hand, but bigger and heavier two-handed maces were also available in the Medieval Times.

 

Armor

Medieval-Armor

 

Chainmail armor was used by the last of the Romans, and by some of the invading Germanic tribes, including the Goths. Chainmail armor kept its popularity among the nobility of medieval Europe until, in the 13th century, plate armor began to be used instead, providing greater protection. This change was due to the fact, that the sharp tip of a sword or an arrow could pass through the chainmail.

Helmets also evolved from simple designs to large metal buckets, after which became large sculptured pieces to deflect arrows. Subsequently, helmets were assembled to the rest of the armor.

Full Armor, which could weigh up to 30 kilo, appeared in the 14th century. The armor plates were well designed, and the Knights could still keep a surprising agility. If a Knight with armour fell from the horse, he could easily get up without help. There are anecdotes and descriptions of warriors that wearing a suit of armor made the pine and other exercises in moments of calm.

Armatures put greater emphasis on deflecting projectiles and strengthening the areas most exposed to blows. Later appeared more elaborate models of armor plates with engravings, which were more ceremonial and prestigious than practical.

The armor represented a high cost to the Knight, because he would have to pay for their own equipment and his Squire.

Armor manufacture was a profitable business, and even second-hand armor would take a large part in the Medieval market. During battles, the troops of the victorious side could seize large sums of money stripping and taking armor of the dead Knights.