Armor

Medieval-Armor

 

Chainmail armor was used by the last of the Romans, and by some of the invading Germanic tribes, including the Goths. Chainmail armor kept its popularity among the nobility of medieval Europe until, in the 13th century, plate armor began to be used instead, providing greater protection. This change was due to the fact, that the sharp tip of a sword or an arrow could pass through the chainmail.

Helmets also evolved from simple designs to large metal buckets, after which became large sculptured pieces to deflect arrows. Subsequently, helmets were assembled to the rest of the armor.

Full Armor, which could weigh up to 30 kilo, appeared in the 14th century. The armor plates were well designed, and the Knights could still keep a surprising agility. If a Knight with armour fell from the horse, he could easily get up without help. There are anecdotes and descriptions of warriors that wearing a suit of armor made the pine and other exercises in moments of calm.

Armatures put greater emphasis on deflecting projectiles and strengthening the areas most exposed to blows. Later appeared more elaborate models of armor plates with engravings, which were more ceremonial and prestigious than practical.

The armor represented a high cost to the Knight, because he would have to pay for their own equipment and his Squire.

Armor manufacture was a profitable business, and even second-hand armor would take a large part in the Medieval market. During battles, the troops of the victorious side could seize large sums of money stripping and taking armor of the dead Knights.

Weapons and equipment of the Cavalry

Medieval-Mongols-Cavalry

Since the appearance of the Cavalry, approximately in 1000BC, troops on horseback hadplayed several key roles in the battles. They acted as Scouts, Fighters, shock troops in skirmishes and rear guard force. They also served to pursue enemy army during its retreat. The cavalry was divided into different categories, depending on their equipment and their training. Some of these categories were better prepared than others to perform certain tasks.

The light cavalry wore virtually no armor and served better for exploration missions and as a rearguard. The heavy cavalry used armor and was more suited as a shock against the enemy force. All types of cavalry were excellent for the pursuit of the enemy.

The Knights of the middle ages fell under the category of heavy cavalry, and chivalry, and emphasized its role as a shock force against the opponent. From the 13th century, the term “weapons man” began to be used to describe armored warriors who fought on foot or on horseback. The new term applied both to Knights as Squires, gentlemen and professional soldiers.

The main advantages that had the Knights during the battle consisted of intimidation, power, speed and height. As the Middle Ages progressed, knights equipment was perfected in order to develop these advantages.